Rudolf Wolters - Wikipedia
In Speer became the NSDAP's chief architect and his relationship with Hitler blossomed into friendship. During the mids Speer designed and. Rudolf Wolters (August 3, – January 7, ) was a German architect and government official, known for his longtime association with fellow architect and Third Reich official Albert Speer. Speer had forged a close relationship with Hitler, and in late , Speer informed Wolters that the dictator would soon appoint. Albert Speer was the architect who served Adolf Hitler with devotion and and indeed beyond it, we must consider his relationship with Hitler.
Such ruins would be a testament to the greatness of Nazi Germany, just as ancient Greek or Roman ruins were symbols of the greatness of those civilizations. The German and Soviet pavilion sites were opposite each other. On learning through a clandestine look at the Soviet plans that the Soviet design included two colossal figures seemingly about to overrun the German site, Speer modified his design to include a cubic mass which would check their advance, with a huge eagle on top looking down on the Soviet figures.
The position carried with it extraordinary powers over the Berlin city government and made Speer answerable to Hitler alone. The plans centered on a three-mile long grand boulevard running from north to south, which Speer called the Prachtstrasse, or Street of Magnificence;  he also referred to it as the "North-South Axis".
The outbreak of World War II in led to the postponement, and later the abandonment, of these plans. In June he charged a personal honorarium of 30, Reichsmark and estimated that the chancellery would be completed within three to four years. Speer reiterated this claim in his memoirs to show that he had been up to that supposed challenge,  and some of his biographers, most notably Joachim Fest, have followed that account.
Because of shortages of labor, the construction workers had to work in two ten- to twelve-hour shifts to have the chancellery completed by early January It was eventually dismantled by the Soviets. Speer made no mention of it in the first draft of Inside the Third Reich, and it was only on the urgent advice of his publisher that he added a mention of seeing the ruins of the Central Synagogue in Berlin from his car.
Soon after Hitler had given me the first large architectural commissions, I began to suffer from anxiety in long tunnels, in airplanes, or in small rooms. My heart would begin to race, I would become breathless, the diaphragm would seem to grow heavy, and I would get the impression that my blood pressure was rising tremendously Anxiety amidst all my freedom and power! Speer supported the German invasion of Poland and subsequent warthough he recognized that it would lead to the postponement, at the least, of his architectural dreams.
That was the whole point of my buildings. They would have looked grotesque if Hitler had sat still in Germany.
Albert Speer - Hitler's architect and armaments chief
All I wanted was for this great man to dominate the globe. When Hitler remonstrated, and said it was not for Speer to decide how his workers should be used, Speer simply ignored him.
Stalin had been particularly impressed by Speer's work in Paris, and wished to meet the "Architect of the Reich". Hitler, alternating between amusement and anger, did not allow Speer to go, fearing that Stalin would put Speer in a "rat hole" until a new Moscow arose. On February 8,Minister of Armaments Fritz Todt died in a plane crash shortly after taking off from Hitler's eastern headquarters at Rastenburg.
Speer, who had arrived in Rastenburg the previous evening, had accepted Todt's offer to fly with him to Berlin, but had cancelled some hours before takeoff Speer stated in his memoirs that the cancellation was because of exhaustion from travel and a late-night meeting with Hitler. Later that day, Hitler appointed Speer as Todt's successor to all of his posts. In Inside the Third Reich, Speer recounts his meeting with Hitler and his reluctance to take ministerial office, saying that he only did so because Hitler commanded it.
Consumer goods were still being produced at nearly as high a level as during peacetime. It was an emotional moment for him: Speer hated that particular weed. The Zeppelinfeld was hairy with them, but that was his weed, his emblem of the decay of a utopian idea, and he would not let it survive.
After much tugging, during which the former Generalbauinspektor of the Third Reich went nearly purple with effort, the ragweed gave way, and Speer stood there, panting, the earth crumbling from its defeated roots.
Hitler's relationship to Speer has been called a love affair but, if there was a homosexual flavour to it, it was sublimated as an epic of narcissism with the young Speer cast as Hitler's unfulfilled other self.
I would like to have been an architect. Fate made me the bildhauer Deutschlands, the sculptor of Germany. I would have liked to be Germany's architect. Even when I am dead you will go on, and I give you all my authority so that even after I am dead you will continue.
What did I expect? Obviously, a sort of Schinkelian schloss, axially planned, severe, with sphinxes and urns. It was nothing of the kind: Speer had built it for his parents and it was more like a mountain chalet. It even had carved oak bears as newel posts on its modest staircase.
Out the back was a limestone cavern, conveniently provided by nature but fortified long ago by Nazi engineers as a safe deposit for the Speer archives. These had since been moved indoors into a large sun room, and Speer, anticipating our arrival, had picked out some of the better goodies. Here was a sketchbook Hitler had given him in the s: But here, too, on a little sheet of paper about the size of an office memo, was the first sketch for the Dome, the dome to end all domes, the colossal mothering breast of Nazism itself.
The Dome was the core of the dream for the new Capital, which would no longer be called Berlin a name that, to the puritanical Hitler, carried unpleasant associations of sin and relativismbut the more ancient-sounding Germania.Albert Speer's Unexpected Defense Strategy - Nazi Hunters
All that remains of it now is a stump built in a leafy suburb to determine whether the ground would support such loads. The Dome was to be ft across and holdpeople. It was a conceptual nightmare because, of course, it dwarfed the figure of Hitler, making him less than an ant.
Great things could have been done with the technology of TV projection, but that did not exist then. The problem was never solved and Dome was never built. It was a magnificent conception which, 60 years later, would be plagiarised by the Americans to mark the disappearance of the World Trade Centre on September 11, No credit was given to Speer, who was dead by then.
And what did Speer expect the ordinary German citizen to feel? It was not my aim that he feels anything. I had only the aim to impose the grandeur of the building upon the people who are in it. If people who may have different minds are pressed together in such surroundings, they all get unified to one mind. That is really all. Nothing of it shows above ground; 20ft down is a confused, inaccessible jumble of rooms, corridors and frescoes, buried beyond the reach of the public, an enormous Tut's tomb with nothing of value in it.
In his privately published memoirs, Segments of a Life, Wolters described his father as "a serious, conscientious and diligent man, always concerned about the future". Wolters noted the politicized atmosphere of his student days, stating, "My academic freedom began, one might say, to the sound of drums: Wolters transferred to the Technical University of Berlin later that year, followed by Speer in Wolters sought to study under Professor Hans Poelzigbut there was no room in the course for the transfer student.
Instead, Wolters studied under Heinrich Tessenowas did Speer.
Wolters obtained his degree inand earned his doctorate at the school two years later. In class prize competition, Wolters generally finished second to Speer. Upon losing that position the following year, Wolters accepted a position with the Trans-Siberian Railway 's urban planning division in Novosibirsk. Speer had Hitler's permission to hire non-Nazis, so the GBI became something of a political sanctuary. I had viewed Hitler and his movement with some skepticism, but when the abolition of the multi-party mess removed the obscenity of unemployment, and the first 1, kilometers of autobahns opened up a new era of mobility, I too saw the light: The dictator had placed Speer in charge of this plan.
The centerpiece of the scheme was a grand boulevard, 4. He visited the United States to study advanced transport systems, and Paris for the international exposition there. InJoseph Goebbels appointed him Exhibition Commissioner. On his return, Wolters passed along his insights to Speer and some of these thoughts reached Hitler's ears.
Speer agreed, and instructed department heads to send Wolters raw material for the Chronik on a regular basis. For example, the entry for August included this information: He rejected the notion that Nazi architecture was an imitation of classical models: The work of this group, known as the Arbeitsstab Wiederaufbauplanung Task Force for Reconstruction Planningwould form the basis for the actual postwar reconstruction of Germany.
Speer, who authorized the group, saw an opportunity to make German cities more habitable in the age of the automobile. The group sought solutions which would use the existing street system, rather than the grand ceremonial boulevards common in Nazi city planning. In addition, the Arbeitsstab issued extensive guidelines, ranging from the width of avenues that carried streetcar lines to the ratio of theatre seats to inhabitants.
He later recorded, Of course, from these few experiences, I cannot judge Hitler's personality, but having shared with Speer his virtually daily contacts with him, and being familiar with Hitler's ideas, for example, on town planning, I think that commentators are making it easy for themselves now when, as they frequently do, they resort in their descriptions to simplistic epitaphs such as "buck private", "wall painter", "petit-bourgeois philistine", or "history's greatest criminal".
In lateword reached them that those with Jewish ancestry who remained free would be called up and used for cannon fodder. Wolters met with Riesser and the three other half-Jews in the Speer organizations, telling them if it became necessary which it did notthe four would be transferred to essential war factories where they would be safe.
Wolters told them, "With Albert Speer's help one can do anything. Speer expected to join them, but not then, as he anticipated that the Allies would want to use his expertise towards the reconstruction of Germany. With the widespread destruction, he had to lay out lots and rebuild streets, all without delay.
He built a road through the grounds of the local castle, and converted the building into a hotel and conference center.
The versatility he showed in the rebuilding of Coesfeld led to other commissions from German cities, including RheineBorken and Anholt.