The eternal love of Nicholas II, the last Romanov tsar - Russia Beyond
Nicholas II and Alexandra were very frustrated because of cultural and political that Alexandra and Rasputin had a relationship even if they really did not. She loved the Tsar with her whole heart, and had given him many daughters during. execution of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, his wife Alexandra, and their To add another British connection to the Russian Imperial family, the. See also: Wedding of Nicholas II and Alexandra Feodorovna Initially Nicholas's father, Tsar Alexander III, refused the prospect of marriage. the Pope, who refused to even consider the marriage, the relationship ended.
After appealing to the Pope, who refused to even consider the marriage, the relationship ended.
Nicholas flatly declared that he would rather become a monk than marry the plain and boring Margaret, who in turn stated that she was unwilling to give up her Protestant religion to become Russian Orthodox. As long as he was well, Alexander III ignored his son's demands, only relenting when his health began to fail in The tsar and tsarina were not the only ones opposed to the match; Queen Victoria wrote to Alix's sister Victoria of her suspicions which were correct that Grand Duke Sergei and Elisabeth were encouraging the match.
The wedding brought a number of relatives to Coburg, Germany, for the festivities, including Queen Victoria herself who had arranged the marriagethe Prince of Wales, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germanyand the Empress Frederickmother of the Kaiser and eldest daughter of the Queen. The Tsesarevich headed up the Russian delegation, which included three of Nicholas's uncles; Vladimir, Sergei and Paul, and two of his aunts by marriage; Elisabeth Feodorovna who was also the bridegroom's sister-in-law and Princess Alix's elder sister and Maria Pavlovna.
However, after pressure from the Kaiser, who had told her that it was her duty to marry Nicholas, and her sister Elisabeth, who tried to point out the similarities between Lutheranism and Russian Orthodoxy, she accepted Nicholas's second proposal. In June, Nicholas travelled to England to visit her, bringing with him his father's personal priest, Father Yanishev, who was to give her religious instruction. Along with visiting Alix and the Queen, Nicholas's visit coincided with the birth and christening of the eldest son of Nicholas and Alix's mutual cousin, Prince George, Duke of York and his wife, Mary of Teckand both of them were named as godparents of the boy, who would reign briefly as King Edward VIII in Escorted by her sister, Elisabeth, from Warsaw to the Crimea, she was forced to travel by ordinary passenger train.
Yet as a dispensation, she was not required to repudiate Lutheranism or her former faith. The marriage with Nicholas was not delayed. The marriage was outwardly serene and proper, but based on intensely passionate physical love.
She brings misfortune with her. While Alexandra wished to name her daughter Victoria after her beloved grandmother, the couple chose the name Olga instead after Nicholas's younger sister Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna and because it was an ancient Russian name. Although many Russians and the Romanovs were disappointed an heir to the throne was not born, Nicholas and Alexandra were delighted with their daughter and doted on her.
It was expected that since Alexandra was only twenty three and still young, there would be plenty of time for a son to be born.
Coronation[ edit ] Lesser arms of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna Alexandra Feodorovna became Empress of Russia on her wedding day, but it was not until 14 May that the coronation of Nicholas and Alexandra took place at the Assumption Cathedral in the Kremlin in Moscow.
The following day, the coronation celebrations were halted when the deaths of over one thousand people became known. The victims had been trampled to death at the Khodynka Field in Moscow when rumours spread that there would not be enough of the food being distributed in honour of the coronation for the thousands who had gathered there. The relatively small numbers of police in attendance could not maintain order, and thousands were crushed in the ensuing stampede.
In light of these events the tsar declared he could not go to the ball being given that night by the French Ambassador, the Marquis de Montebello. Nonetheless his uncles urged him to attend so as not to offend the French. Nicholas gave in, and he and Alexandra attended the ball. Sergei Witte commented, "We expected the party would be called off. Instead it took place as if nothing had happened and the ball was opened by Their Majesties dancing a quadrille. Although Alexandra and Nicholas had visited the wounded the day after and offered to pay for the coffins of the dead, many Russians took the disaster at Khodynka Meadow as an omen that the reign would be unhappy.
Others used the circumstances of the tragedy and the behaviour of the royal establishment to underscore the heartlessness of the autocracy and the contemptible shallowness of the young tsar and his "German woman". While Nicholas was in somewhat of a bad mood due to days spent with "Uncle Bertie" the Prince of Wales shooting in bad weather while Nicholas suffered from a toothache,  Alexandra relished the time with her grandmother.
It was in fact, the last time that grandmother and granddaughter would see each other, and when Queen Victoria died in Januarypregnancy with her fourth daughter, Grand Duchess Anastasia, prevented Alexandra from attending the funeral in London.Nicholas II Romanov & the Declaration of the World War I - Nicholas and Alexandra
Rejection by the Russian people[ edit ] Unlike her vivacious and popular mother-in-law, Alexandra was heartily disliked among her subjects.
She came off as very cold and curt, although according to her and many other close friends, she was only terribly shy and nervous in front of the Russian people. She felt her feelings were bruised and battered from the Russians' "hateful" nature. She was also frowned upon by the wealthy and poor alike for her distaste for Russian culture her embrace of Orthodoxy notwithstandingwhether it was the food or the manner of dancing.
She spoke Russian with a heavy accent. Her inability to produce a son also incensed the people. After the birth of the Grand Duchess Olga, her first-born child, Nicholas was reported to have said, "We are grateful she was a daughter; if she was a boy she would have belonged to the people, being a girl she belongs to us. The disappointment only increased with the birth of her subsequent daughters, Maria and Anastasia. When her "sunbeam", the Tsarevich Alexeiwas born, she further isolated herself from the Russian court by spending nearly all of her time with him; his haemophilia did little to distance their close relationship.
She associated herself with more solitary figures such as Anna Vyrubova and the invalid Princess Sonia Orbeliani, rather than the "frivolous" young Russian aristocratic ladies. Nicholas was wrecked with sadness and feared he was not ready for the throne.
She made her first public appearance in Russia at the funeral of her would-be father-in-law. They had five children in quick succession.
Nicholas and Alexandra - MORE ON THE ROMANOV FAMILY
So when Alexandra became pregnant only a few months into the marriage, Russia was overjoyed. This birth, however, turned out to be a disappointment, as instead of an heir, a princess by the name of Olga was born. The couple did not give up though, as Alexandra continuously gave birth to three girls—Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia—in the span of six years.
Eventually, inthe couple was finally blessed with a son, whom they named Alexei.
The Love Story of Nicholas II and Alexandra, the Last Tsar and Tsarina of Russia
This did not stop the couple from devoting everything to all their children, as Alexandra herself took to caring for them. Unlike most royals of the time, she fed her children from her own breast and taught them all that she was taught in her childhood, such as making the bed and baking cakes.
The daughters, in particular, grew up to be beautiful and well-educated women—all well liked by everyone and popular with the Russian people.
Alexei too was well loved. Petersburg as late asbut he was discovered by Stephen Beletsky, the head of the Special Police detachment that monitored all of Rasputin's activities. He was expelled from the city by the police. Rasputin was murdered by Grand Duke Dmitri, Felix Yusupov, and other conspirators in Decemberby being, in sequence, poisoned, shot several times, beaten, and drowned in the river.
It was the latter which became the cause of his death. The rising ideas of Pan-Slavism had led Russia to issue treaties of protection to Serbia. Nicholas wanted neither to abandon Serbia to the ultimatum of Austria-Hungarynor to provoke a general war. In a series of letters exchanged with the German Kaiser the so-called "Willy and Nick correspondence"the two proclaimed their desire for peace, and each attempted to get the other to back down.
Nicholas took stern measures in this regard, demanding that Russia's mobilization be only against the Austrian border, in the hopes of preventing war with the German Empire. It proved too late for personal communications to determine the course of events.
Unusual Historicals: Love Affairs: Nicholas II & Alexandra
Official photograph of Nicholas II taken in honor of the tercentenary celebrations of the rule of the Romanov Family in Russia. Petersburg, The Russians had no contingency plans for a partial mobilization, and on July 31,Nicholas, under political pressure from abroad, and military pressure at home, took the fateful step of confirming the order for a general mobilization. As Germany and Austria-Hungary had mutual defense treaties in place, this led almost immediately to a German mobilization and declaration of war, and the outbreak of World War I.
The outbreak of war on August 1,found Russia grossly unprepared, yet an immediate attack was ordered against the German province of East Prussia. The Germans mobilized there with great efficiency and completely defeated the two Russian armies which had invaded. The Russian armies, however, later had considerable success against both the Austro-Hungarian armies and against the forces of the Ottoman Empire.
Gradually a war of erosion set in on the vast Eastern Front, where the Russians were facing the combined forces of the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires, and they suffered staggering losses. Nicholas, feeling that it was his duty, and that his personal presence would inspire his troops, decided to lead his army directly. He assumed the role of commander-in-chief after dismissing his cousin from that position, the highly respected and experienced Grand Duke Nicholas, following the loss of the Russian Kingdom of Poland in September His efforts to oversee the war left domestic issues essentially in the hands of Alexandra.
Being of German heritage, she was unpopular and the Duma was constantly calling for political reforms. Political unrest continued throughout the war. Cut off from public opinion, Nicholas did not understand how suspicious the common people were of his wife, who was also the victim of destructive rumors about her dependence on Grigori Rasputin.
Nicholas had refused to censor the press, and wild rumors and accusations about Alexandra and Rasputin appeared almost daily. Angry at the damage that Rasputin's influence was doing to Russia's war effort and to the monarchy, a group of nobles, led by Prince Felix Yusupov, murdered Rasputin on December 16, Revolution and abdication The government's inability to maintain constant supplies and an active economy over a prolonged period of warfare led to mounting national hardship.
Nicholas II of Russia - Wikipedia
The army's initial failure to maintain the temporary military successes up to June led to renewed strikes and riots in the following winter. With Nicholas away at the front inauthority appeared to collapse, and St. Petersburg was left in the hands of strikers and mutinying conscript soldiers. He issued the following statement: In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for nearly three years have tried to enslave our fatherland, the Lord God has been pleased to send down on Russia a new heavy trial.
Internal popular disturbances threaten to have a disastrous effect on the future conduct of this persistent war. The destiny of Russia, the honor of our heroic army, the welfare of the people and the whole future of our dear fatherland demand that the war should be brought to a victorious conclusion whatever the cost. The cruel enemy is making his last efforts, and already the hour approaches when our glorious army together with our gallant allies will crush him.
In these decisive days in the life of Russia, We thought it Our duty of conscience to facilitate for Our people the closest union possible and a consolidation of all national forces for the speedy attainment of victory. In agreement with the Imperial Duma, We have thought it well to renounce the Throne of the Russian Empire and to lay down the supreme power. We direct Our brother to conduct the affairs of state in full and inviolable union with the representatives of the people in the legislative bodies on those principles which will be established by them, and on which He will take an inviolable oath.
In the name of Our dearly beloved homeland, We call on Our faithful sons of the fatherland to fulfill their sacred duty to the fatherland, to obey the tsar in the heavy moment of national trials, and to help Him, together with the representatives of the people, to guide the Russian Empire on the road to victory, welfare, and glory.
May the Lord God help Russia!