Field of the Cloth of Gold - Wikipedia
Francis I and Henry VIII meet at Boulogne Relations hobbled along until Henry became so desperate to rid himself of Catherine of Aragon that he had to look. History Podcast looks at Henry VIII's relationship with France. It was as part of this agreement that Henry and Francis, the new king of. He was a contemporary of Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire, as well as King Henry VIII of England and of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, his.
The Breton wrestler wears a tight jacket and the Cornish wrestler wears it loose.
Field of the Cloth of Gold
Accounts of the actual match vary, but it seems definitive that the match did indeed take place and was not just apocryphal. The Field of the Cloth of Gold contained elements of bromance, as each king gave the other a bracelet, and declarations of undying love and fealty. The event, held under the auspices of peace and friendship, focused on the efforts of the French and English knights as they sought to best each other in the numerous tournaments and contests.
On the third day, Henry defeated Francis in an archery contest, and by all accounts, Francis good-naturedly congratulated him.
- Episode 071: Henry VIII foreign policy
- Henry VIII and Francis I
- Battle Royal: When England's Henry VIII Wrestled France's King Francis
As the day and the drinks wore on, Henry challenged Francis to a wrestling match—a true hand-to-hand competition. Again, by all accounts, Francis initially demurred, not wanting to risk his friendship with Henry, who was an egoist at best and a narcissist at his worst. But Henry persuaded Francis and the two men set out to a flat, grassy area for the match to endure. Wrestling, unlike boxing, has a reputation as being the provincial fighting sport.
Mostly practiced in rural areas, wrestling was the activity of farm-workers and day-laborers, who, after a hard day in the fields, may unwind by attempting to throw each other to the ground. Boxing would not have been a viable option for many of these groups simply because they needed to be able to wake up and work the next day without dealing with the aftermath of a boxing match.
Thus these two men, reportedly outfitted in rich velvets and silks, faced each other on the Field of the Cloth of Gold, determined to add grass-stains to the sumptuous garments of his rival. Details of the bout are not available, and those sources that claim specifics read as spurious imaginings of Victorian fan-boys.
What is known is that Francis eventually managed to out maneuver Henry and using a technique known as the Breton trip, the King of France tossed the King of England to the ground.
Francis I of France
The Field of the Cloth of Gold was a monumental display of wealth and power that, in the years that followed, appeared to have accomplished nothing. Within two years of the event, Henry and the Holy Roman Emperor joined forces and declared war on Francis.
And yet again, France and England would go to war, this perpetual machine of war and peace, treaties and broken promises. So many things were at stake for France and England in the 16th century—territory, wealth, power, and religion. On the Field of the Cloth of Gold, when Henry and Francis grappled to take each other to the ground, a microcosm of that tension revealed itself in that skirmish. There never was a rematch for Francis and Henry—at least, not as wrestlers.
Instead, the two men continued to fight for dominance, in royal chambers, in sealed letters, and in public displays of aggression. Would Francis have been able to best Henry twice on that grass field? Perhaps Henry would have been the winner in a second match. After Cardinal Wolsey, with a splendid trainhad visited the French king, the two monarchs met at the Val d'Or, a spot midway between the two places, on 7 June. The many other entertainments included archery displays and wrestling between Breton and Cornish wrestlers.
Wrestling at the Field of the Cloth of Gold Tapestry, c. The painting depicts a dragon flying overhead and this could be interpreted to mean that the Mass itself was interrupted by a mysterious event thought to be a dragon or salamander flying over the congregation. The superstitious would have viewed this as a great portent, but it was probably a firework accidentally or deliberately set off.
Alternatively the dragon in the painting could be interpreted as symbolic. The sermon was read by Richard Pacean intimate friend of Erasmus. Wolsey gave a general indulgence for all present.
Consequences[ edit ] This meeting made a great impression on contemporaries, but its political results were very minor. List of participants[ edit ] A record of the list of participants survives in at least two places: The latter source lists the following: The cardinal of York, with servants, of whom 12 shall be chaplains and 50 gentlemen, with 50 horses; one archbishop with 70 servants, of whom 5 shall be chaplains and 10 gentlemen, with 30 horses; 2 dukes, each with 70 servants, 5 to be chaplains and 10 gentlemen, with 30 horses.
George, each to have 22 servants, 2 to be chaplains and 2 gentlemen; 48 horses. Each knight to have 12 servants, one to be a chaplain; 8 horses.
Councillors of the long robe; viz.
The earl of Essex, being earl marshal, shall have, beside the number above stated, servants and light horses. Sum total of the King's company, 3, persons and 2, horses". Grooms 50, officers of the King's chamber, with 20 servants and 30 horses; officers of the King's stable 60, with 70 horses. Sum total of the Queen's company, 1, persons and horses.
Commissioners to oversee followers of French King[ edit ] Commissioners appointed to oversee those who shall accompany the king of France: PonyngesSir Rob. Commissioners to give orders to the gentlemen[ edit ] Commissioners to give orders to the gentlemen: BelknappSir Nich. Commissioners to give orders to the foot soldiers[ edit ] Commissioners to give orders to the foot soldiers: Other attendees[ edit ] At the embracing of the two kings[ edit ] To ride with the king of England at the embracing of the two kings: SandysThomas BoleynLord Howard.
Order of procession[ edit ] The servants of the king of England shall march next their King, preceded by the nobles and gentlemen of the Legate, who shall follow the gentlemen of the other lords. The King's guard to follow him in their accustomed places. Attendants of King Francis I[ edit ] At meeting of two kings[ edit ] The names of those who will be with the French king when he meets the king of England: The other knights of the Order.
The king's household, gentlemen; St. Vallier and the grand seneschal of Normandy, captains. The other pensioners will remain in their houses.
Battle Royal: When England's Henry VIII Wrestled France's King Francis | FIGHTLAND
Francis will bring with him the above company, if the king of England thinks it suitable; but if not, he will diminish it. These noblemen will only have with them about horses.
English attendants of English King[ edit ] Noblemen's names that shall accompany the French sic English? The bishops of Lincoln, Norwich, Hereford and Rochester.
The dukes of Norfolk and Buckingham. The lords of St. The deans of the Chapel and of Paul's.
The archdeacon of Richmond. The dean of Salisbury. The abbots of Glastonbury, Westminster, Bury and Winchecombe. All knights and others of the King's council.