The United Nations’ Role in Arms Control and Disarmament
The Noble Peace Prize was awarded to the Organization for the Prohibition relation to this situation, my thesis asks if arms control and. The Arms Control Association is a United States-based nonpartisan membership organization founded in , with the self-stated mission of "promoting public understanding of and support for effective arms control Policy; Kingston Reif, Director for Disarmament and Threat Reduction Policy; Tony External links . In “Arms Control and Disarmament”, his contribution to the second University Press), Keith Krause, Professor of International Relations and.
Oxford Public International Law http: Both terms relate to armament and can comprise quantitative and qualitative restrictions on weapons in general or on certain types of weapons. The difference lies in the aim: Arms control attempts to stabilize the security environment but does not necessarily entail reduction of military capability.
Non-proliferation Weapons of Mass Destruction represents another important pillar.
- Arms control
- Arms Control Association
In addition, the temporal scope of an instrument can provide an indication for its classification: It can be distinguished between mutually agreed arms control conventions and unilaterally applicable limitations. Evolution of Arms Control 1.
There is evidence of an armament conference in ancient China of BC.A Long History Behind Arms Control
Inthe use of the crossbow against Christians was banned by the Second Lateran Council Dupuy and Hammerman 3— One of the first modern examples is the Rush—Bagot Agreement of between the US and Britain, restricting the number of naval forces on the Great Lakes.
With the advent of humanitarian law in the late 19th century, restrictions on particular weapons, as well as methods and means of warfare emerged Warfare, Methods and Means ; Weapons, Prohibited. Notably the St Petersburg Declaration and the Conventions resulting from the Hague Peace Conferences and are to be cited in this context.
The Versailles Peace Treaty subjected the German armed forces to quantitative restrictions and established a verification regime.
This last has been a major obstacle to effective enforcement, as violators often attempt to covertly circumvent the terms of the agreements. Verification is the process of determining whether or not a nation is complying with the terms of an agreement, and involves a combination of release of such information by participants  as well as some way to allow participants to examine each other to verify that information.
This is for two major reasons. To openly defy an agreement, even if one withdraws from it, often is seen in a bad light politically and can carry diplomatic repercussions.
Additionally, if one remains in an agreement, competitors who are also participatory may be held to the limitations of the terms, while withdrawal releases your opponents to make the same developments you are making, limiting the advantage of that development. Theory of arms control[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Arms control - Wikipedia
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message Scholars and practitioners such as John SteinbrunerJonathan Dean or Stuart Croft worked extensively on the theoretical backing of arms control. Arms control is meant to break the security dilemma. It aims at mutual security between partners and overall stability be it in a crisis situation, a grand strategyor stability to put an end to an arms race.
Other than stability, arms control comes with cost reduction and damage limitation. It is different from disarmament since the maintenance of stability might allow for mutually controlled armament and does not take a peace-without-weapons-stance.
Nevertheless, arms control is a defensive strategy in principle, since transparencyequality, and stability do not fit into an offensive strategy. Preth century[ edit ] One of the first recorded attempts in arms control was a set of rules laid down in ancient Greece by the Amphictyonic Leagues. Rulings specified how war could be waged, and breaches of this could be punished by fines or by war.
There were few recorded attempts to control arms during the period between this and the rise of the Roman Catholic Church.
Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation
In the 8th and 9th centuries AD, swords and chain mail armor manufactured in the Frankish empire were highly sought after for their quality, and Charlemagne r. These are the realist and the liberal institutionalist stances. We have to distinguish between the scholarly debate over the realist and liberal institutionalist approaches and the actual practices of the UN system.
In the scholarly debate, it is fairly obvious that 1 the realist would say that the UN is just a reflection of great-power relations and thereby 2 nothing happens when the great powers do not wish it to.
In the area of arms control and disarmament, there is a great deal of truth in that. On the other hand, one of the things that Thomas Weiss, who is one of the editors of this volume, has studied fairly extensively along with colleagues is the way in which the UN has played a particular role in norm-setting and as a focus for innovation.
This is much closer to the liberal institutionalist model where the institution has at least a bit of relative autonomy. Even though I do not want to overemphasise this, I think that the UN system has demonstrated relative autonomy in some issue areas and at certain times.
Besides, it has influenced the shape and scope of specific arms control and disarmament agreements and promoted global norms. You argue that multilateral institutions can play different roles in security issues, such as a negotiating forum, a norm-setter, an implementing agency or an instrument of great-power security governance.