Haiti - FOREIGN RELATIONS
Haiti was one of the original members of the League of Nations, and was one of the original members of the United Nations and several of its specialized and related agencies. It is also a founding member of the Organization of American States. . The periodic influxes of Haitian economic (and, in times past, political) . More information about Haiti is available on the Haiti Page and from other history becomes increasingly part of its past rather than its future. Over the past two hundred years, the United States has played a important role in . Examines the trade relations between Haiti and the United States, and other.
Haiti Table of Contents Throughout its history, Haiti's relative isolation has constrained its foreign relations. Haiti achieved some prominence as a result of its successful revolution, but the governments of slaveholding countries either ignored or decried the country during the first half of the nineteenth century.
In the United States, the question of recognizing Haiti provoked sharp debate between abolitionists, who favored recognition, and slaveholders, who vehemently opposed such an action. Haiti became a focus of interest for the great powers in the early twentieth century mainly because of the country's strategic location.
U.S. Department of State
Competition among the United States, Germany, France, and Britain resulted in the breaching of Haiti's sovereignty and the nineteen-year occupation by United States forces. Subsequent isolation stemmed from Haiti's cultural and linguistic uniqueness, its economic underdevelopment, and from international condemnation of the repressive Duvalier regimes. Haiti has maintained a long-standing relationship with the United States. Haitians have perceived economic ties to the United States as vital.
The United States was Haiti's primary trading partner for both exports and imports, its most important source of foreign assistance, and the primary target of Haitian emigration. A large number of private voluntary agencies from the United States functioned in Haiti.
The assembly industry of Port-au-Prince was closely tied to the United States economy.
In short, the economic and the political influence of the United States in Haiti was more powerful than the influence of any other country.
Still, contemporary American diplomatic interest in Haiti has been minimal. Washington's interest in Haiti arose chiefly because of the country's proximity to the Panama Canal and Central America.TIA&TW: Haiti Today - Looking to the Future
Haiti also controls the Windward Passage, a narrow body of water that could be easily closed, disrupting maritime traffic. In the nineteenth century, the United States considered establishing a naval base in Haiti.
Since the s, Washington has viewed Haiti as an anticommunist bulwark, partly because of the country's proximity to Cuba.
Haiti's complicated relationship with the US - CNN
In the s, the United States expressed a special interest in curbing illegal Haitian immigration. Washington also attempted to curtail shipments of illegal drugs to and from Haiti. Navy sent ships to Haiti 19 times between and to "protect American lives and property" until the United States finally occupied Haiti in Occupations of Haiti by the United States — [ edit ] Main article: United States occupation of Haiti From to the U. However, as a result of the occupation, the United States had influenced the Haitian government to rewrite the constitution to repeal an provision that forbade foreigners from owning land in Haiti.
Ultimately, Haitians united in resistance of the U. Bush Administration also embargoed and then blockaded Haiti, suspending all but humanitarian aid. From — the Clinton Administration imposed an economic blockade, which further impoverished the country, and eventually the Clinton Administration intervened militarily in to restore Aristide to power. The United States has taken a leading role in organizing international involvement with Haiti.
Four-fifths of Haiti's college-educated citizens live outside Haiti. Political insecurity and the failure of Haiti's governments to invest in developing the country's natural and human resources has contributed significantly to the country's current state of underdevelopment. Sincethe U. Government funds have been used to support programs that have addressed a variety of problems.
Some experts, however, have criticized the conditional nature of U. Haiti has been plagued for decades by extremely high unemployment and underemployment. The precipitous decline in urban assembly sector jobs, from a high of overin to fewer than 20, inexacerbated the scarcity of jobs.
BBC News - The long history of troubled ties between Haiti and the US
To revitalize the economy, U. More recently, programs that help to increase commercial bank lending to micro-enterprises, especially in the agricultural sector, have helped to create a significant number of jobs.
To counter this threat, the U.