Abortion as a right and abortion as a crime: the neoconservative setback
I mean by an abortion an action intended to bring about the death of a fetus for the sake . It is hard to think of a good argument for such a connection. .. Beings that have moral status must be capable of caring about what is done to them. . Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, Declaration on Euthanasia. This connection has been documented in relation to abortion regret and experts over laypeople and reinforces the status quo (Epstein ). . They pointed to the “aborted child” as the first victim and “the revealing how inaccuracies can be propagated by generalizing from experiential anecdotes. In the current study, 1 aborted bovine fetus and 1 neonatal calf were . To determine the relationship between the expression of X-linked genes and the methylation status of Xist DMR was performed by bisulfate-specific PCR The tachyzoites of the new isolate, named BNC-PR4, were propagated in Vero cell cultures.
The relative minimum intergovernmental consensus of these agreements only offered principle which could, or not, become new national laws, depending on local and national mobilizations. If the religious conception of abortion came to rule over the Brazilian society, abortion would become a crime, without allowing even the exceptions to punishment currently established in Brazil: In Uruguay, abortion was legalized in Inthe Uruguayan Health Ministry released a report with data on abortions in That is, there was a reduction in maternal mortality.
The only death recorded resulted from a clandestine abortion. The last two decades have also seen the worldwide rise of neoconservative movements, reaching countries where abortion was already legalized, as well as making countries where abortion had not yet been legalized more vulnerable.
I call them fundamentalist neoconservative forces. Neoconservative, because their goal is to re-introduce into highly secularized societies impregnated with the human rights and gender equality debates the view of abortion as a crime and grave sin, added to the view that its prohibition is absolute, regardless of the reasons. And for this purpose they have organized as an ostensible social and political movement. Fundamentalist, because their parameters are based on religious principles.States v. Abortion
In Brazil, the mobilization for the decriminalization and legalization of abortion that had begun in the s and s, and the LGBT movement, gained strength in the s, due to the greater secularization of the Brazilian society and to the then greater proximity between the feminist movement and the Executive Branch. On April 6th,the Executive Branch created the Tripartite Commission for the Revision of the Punitive Legislation of Voluntary Abortion, charged with formulating a draft law proposal.
However, neither the Substitute Proposal ofnor the original text of the law proposal were approved Machado, The successive Encyclical Letters and Declarations against abortion promulgated by the Catholic Church were welcomed by followers of diverse Protestant denominations who in Brazil defended, or came to defend, absolute positions against abortion, making it difficult for decriminalization to be approved.
It moves away from the monolithic understanding of how family arrangements, gender and sexuality identities and decisions on reproduction should be. The strongly religious neoconservative movements rail against the progressive — though relative — departure of secularized societies from so-called traditional family values in which the male power prevails and from traditional morality. They are movements that originate directly from religious members of Congress, such as the Evangelical Caucus, and the many caucuses that were formed in response to the mobilization for the legalization of abortion, starting in In response to the proposed legalization of abortion, the non-governmental organization Brazil Without Abortion was created.
In the following legislature, a new caucus was created: In the name of defending religious values, they incorporated the defense of the traditional family, the opposition to abortion and to homosexual rights. Two years later, the National Justice Council CNJ, in Portuguese decided that Brazilian clerks could not refuse to convert homosexual stable unions into marriages.
Intwo were registered: Contrary to secular principles, all of these caucuses are clear in taking stances in the name of religious motives and arguments, regardless of the fact that their members belong to a great variety of Evangelical, historical Protestant, Spiritist or Catholic denominations. On the other hand, the National Conference of Bishops in Brazil CNBB, in Portuguese continues to participate politically as a voice in favor of maintaining abortion as a crime, based on their institutional space in its historical relationship with the State.
In current times, in Brazil, the idea of abortion as a crime and a sin has undergone a secularization process.
Here's How Canada's Abortion Policies Actually Work | HuffPost Canada
It is not a value considered to be immemorial and untouchable, nor is it a consensus. It tends to inform the enunciation of an abstract opinion more than act as a parameter for the decision whether or not to have an abortion.
In everyday life, women are faced, on the one hand, with the idea of abortion as a right if not in their own country, in others and, on the other, with the need to reflect on what to do: The knowledge that abortion is legally considered a crime is imposed by the lack of access to legal forms of abortion and the need to resort to clandestine options that are more or less safe, depending on their capacity to pay for the procedure.
It is, thus, in the face of a society with heterogeneous experiences and knowledge regarding types of families, sexuality and values related to abortion that movements against the legalization of abortion act. It is therefore not possible to call them conservative forces, but rather neoconservative forces. Their goal is to impose moral and religious values on society as a whole. Strategies and narratives of neoconservative movements in Brazil: Its current president explicitly states it: As a church of our Lord, we cannot accept the distorted concept of a secular State that some are trying to apply to Brazil.
If we remain silence, the day will come when we will only be able to worship the Lord inside our home. Religious services performed in offices of legislative commissions or in Senate auditoriums are contrary to the principle of secularism, albeit without violating the principle of secularity impartiality towards religionsfrom which it differs. By secularism, I mean the emphatic exclusion of religion from the public sphere, without any penetration in State environments Zylberstajn, However, in my view, its effects are, in some way, an attack on secularity.
A group of men and women go to a room to pray.
aborted fetus: Topics by raznomir.info
The scene is common in thousands of churches in Brazil, but, in this case, the participants are federal representatives — and the setting is an auditorium in the National Congress. It is the weekly service of the members of the Evangelical Parliamentary Caucus FPE, in Portuguesea multi-party group that claims to include 92 Evangelical representatives.
Its members are the main showcase of the mixture of politics and religion in Brazil Struck, The extreme contradiction of the principle of secularism has effects that counter the principle of secularity and the separation of Church and State.
Of the 36 law proposals currently under discussion in the House of Representatives, five seek to make abortion a heinous crime. These proposals are also supported by the other pro-life, pro-family caucuses. Inthe Caucus articulated the approval of the increase in the tax exemption for churches and enabled the amnesty of fines levied by the Internal Revenue Service against churches — the value surpassed million reais.
The principle that the State should not subsidize religious institutions is thus violated. Likewise, the concession of proselytizing radio and television channels weakens the obedience to the principle that the State should not subsidize religious organizations. Religious proselytizing, in addition to the pulpit and the congressional seat, expands its place in the use of media powers obtained through public concessions Zylbersztajn, I merely note that the increase of federal representatives who are members of the Evangelical Caucus has been constant in the past legislatures.
Inthe caucus included 67 representatives and three senators. For the legislature, it has signatures 1. It is a strategy and an integral part of the proposal of imposing a single model of family that seeks to block the plurality of varied forms of family arrangements that develop in Brazil and in the world and to block the diverse forms of exercising sexual and reproductive rights. The argument of the Christian majority against the atheist minority and the confrontation with secularity In order to present the formation of the distinct forms of narratives presented by federal representatives in favor of criminalization and against the legalization of abortion, I turn to their statements found in their blogs and in news stories from toto statements from clergy members who are part of the pro-life movement in their blogs, and articulate them with statements from federal representatives and from experts in the public hearing of Novemberin the session of the Social Security and Family Commission in November, that was to discuss the Substitute Law Proposal n.
The statements were recorded and transcribed by Anna Lucia Cunhawho was then my student.
The State must guarantee what the majority thinksand I believe that the majority of Brazilians believes in what God teaches, and that is the right to life. What do you have to say about this? I agree when they say that the State is a secular State.
Atheism is the contradiction or the denial that some divinity exists. Therefore it is an opposition to those who have a religiosity. Therefore, the situation of atheist is also not contemplated by the State.
A dictatorship of the minority. In a country where a secular State is guaranteed, it is guaranteed that the State must not legislate for those who profess a religion, but not only for the atheists, either.
I think this vision of the defense of life, it is very strengthened. The god I know, he is the God of life. I imagine, for anyone who has some faith, he is the God lord of life. I understand that there are three laws. I wanted Jandira to understand. All of these statements accentuate the argument that their law proposals are explicitly based on Christian religious values and that their legitimacy comes from the fact that Christians make up the majority of the population.
The atheist minority must not have its demands met. Atheism must be confronted. Taking into account the contributions from Zylbersztajn and Rawlsall of these statements are diametrically opposed to what is understood by secularism.
The affirmation that atheism should not be included, but confronted, seems to forget the principle of religious freedom, so dear to the historical movement of Protestantism when facing the Catholic church, it errs by lacking respect to the same principle it defends: The principle of religious freedom includes the freedom not to believe, for the atheist and the agnostic.
These statements reveal the assumption that belonging to a religion is enough for all members to participate in, and adhere with the same intensity to, all values it proposes and thus for all to behave uniformly. As if they could not be flexibilized, distorted or, following Deleuzeclassified not according to the same fixed general rule, but making themselves as a classification process based on their individual position within a relational context.
There Are Still Many Barriers to Abortion in Canada
The value of the abstract, generic opinion regarding behavior perceived as correct for an entire collectivity may be that one should not abort. However, in concrete conditions, one may understand that one may, indeed, have an abortion. In studies on women who have had an abortion, some have said: When individuals participate in relationships with people who claim to need an abortion, they tend to understand and approve the abortion, because they put themselves in that position.
The decision or the evaluation of whether or not to abort depends on the social relationship between the person who speaks and the person who has the abortion, and on the relationship between the person who has the abortion and the social, affective, economic, psychic, health conditions of an entire relational nexus.
As stated by a feminist in an on-line magazine: The prohibition only happens for some of the women: Legalizing abortion will reduce the number of deaths, especially of these women, because abortion is only banned for those who do not have money, states Gabriela Matuoka, Rates are higher among black women, indigenous women, women with lower educational levels and women who live in the North, Northeast and Center-West regions Diniz, The National Abortion Study found alarming numbers regarding the magnitude of abortion in Brazil: At the age of 40, one in every five Brazilian women has terminated a pregnancy — a practice restricted by law and condemned by public opinion.
These are, above all, normal Brazilian women. In alone,women had illegal abortions. This means at least 1.
Disguising religious discourse as legal discourse. As an anthropologist, I always question myself regarding my familiarity, or lack thereof, with the theme and the social subjects who are my objects of study. It is what a feminist blogger asks.
What does it mean to be a person? Abortion laws vary around the world but are generally more restrictive in developing countries. Restrictive laws do not necessarily deter women from seeking abortion but often lead to unsafe practice with significant mortality and morbidity.
Here's How Canada's Abortion Policies Actually Work
While a legal framework for abortion is a prerequisite for availability, many laws, which are not evidence based, restrict availability and delay access. Abortion should be available in the interests of public health and any legal framework should be as permissive as possible in order to promote access.
In the absence of legal access, harm reduction strategies are needed to reduce abortion-related mortality and morbidity. Abortion can be performed surgically in the first trimester, by manual or electric vacuum aspiration or with medication: Cervical priming facilitates surgery and reduces the risk of incomplete abortion. Diagnosis of incomplete abortion should be made on clinical grounds, not by ultrasound.
- Coveney: 'I don't believe there should be unrestricted access to abortion at any point in time'
Septic abortion is a common cause of maternal death almost always following unsafe abortion and thus largely preventable. The lack of services offered through clinics and hospitals in many regions of the country is compounded by other barriers related to the need to travel great distances or across provincial borders, wait times, age, financial resources, migration status and physician's invoking clauses of conscientious objection.
Only Ontario and just recently Saskatchewan have adopted policies ensuring that doctors who refuse services to patients due to religious or personal beliefs have an obligation to refer to another capable doctor -- especially significant for abortion care, given the time-sensitive nature of the procedure and limited availability of service providers.
When abortion providers aren't available nearby, there are unforeseen expenses like transportation, accommodation, lost wages, childcare, eldercare and possible procedural costs clinics are excluded from reciprocal billing agreements between provinces even though they assume a significant number of abortions in Canada.
So, while abortion is technically available in Canada like any medically necessary procedure, there are a number of barriers that make access to abortion services uneven and inequitable, disproportionately affecting low income Canadians. Some people who are seeking to terminate a pregnancy are also bombarded with anti-choice myths from services they trust.
A recent University of Ottawa study found that Crisis Pregnancy Centers with a record number in Ontario provide medically inaccurate information, judgmental counselling and shaming that contribute to abortion stigma -- a significant barrier that is heightened for those from racialized or other marginalized communities.
So where does the government come in? The right to health requires governments to ensure the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of comprehensive and integrated sexual and reproductive health information and services, including abortion, and to remove any barriers that impede access to such services.
With the Federal elections in our midst, this moment represents an opportunity for our leaders to lay out their plans and commit to their promises.